India is an atheistic country. Tamil Nadu is one of the illustrious states of India for its exalted, fascinating, and beautiful architecture, ancient buildings. This southern state of India is carrying the alluring sculpture, engrave of India. This state is an entity of India’s rich culture. Mahabalipuram and Kanchipuram are the acknowledgment of Tamil Nadu’s civilization.
Some illustrations of famous architectures of Tamil Nadu State are – Brihadeeswarar Temple, Gangaikonda Cholapuram, Airavatesvara Temple, Pancha Rathas of Mahabalipuram, Matrimandir, etc. are described here.
1. Airavatesvara Temple
One of the best examples of Tamil Nadu’s sculpture is Airavatesvara Temple, situated in Darasuram. Lord Shiva is named as Airavateshvara, so the temple name is such. And the god is adored by Airavata. Airavata is nothing but the imaginary white elephants of emperors. This temple is comparatively small in size and is renowned for Lord Shiva. Many Hindus travel here as pilgrims at different times of the year. The mesmerizing constructions of the building with stones attract travelers. The beautiful Airavatesvara Temple is surrounded by high mountains. This temple was invented in the ti8me of Rajaraja Chola. Not only the building, but the pillars are also beautifully carved with wonderful design, and every pillar is carrying different stories.
2. Brihadeeswarar Temple
Among the amazing architectures of Tamil Nadu, Brihadeeswarar Temple, one of the massive temples in India, also known as Rajarajesvaram or Peruvudaiyar Kovil Temple, occupies significant space. It was founded by the Tamil king Raja Chola 1 to leave traces of his achievements and also to devote it to lord Shiva. This temple stands upon the south bank of Kaveri River in Thanjavur which is a hub of religion, art, and architecture.
So, this temple is one of the architectural patterns of the Chola dynasty. The main thing to notice about this temple is that this is the first temple of India made of Granite whereas Granite is very rare in that region. At the front gate, there is an embedment of Nandi engraved on a single rock. Another remarkable thing is that the shadow of the temple can not fall on the ground at noon for its large height. Now this temple, the mute spectator of many histories, is designated as UNESCO World Heritage Site.
3. Pancha Rathas of Mahabalipuram
Another beautiful example of Tamil Nadu’s extraordinary architecture is Pancha Rathas, situated in Mahabalipuram. The meaning of the temple is Pancha chariots, which describes the five characters of Mahabharata. The fascinating architecture was made by hulking stupas. The beauty of India’s rock astounds the people. This is an imposing endeavor of the carvings by granite and stones. The temple was invented in the ruling time of Raja Mahendravarman. The pyramid structured Dharmaraja Ratha stupa into the temple is one of the captivating points for the travelers. The temple is renowned for worshipping the god of storm and rain.
4. Gangaikonda Cholapuram
The other notable architectural work of Tamil Nadu is the Gangaikonda Cholapuram Temple of Thanjavur. It was established by Rajendra Chola, the son of Raja Raja Chola 1. After subjugating so many northern states, Rajendra Chola made this temple to dedicate it to Lord Shiva in the 11th century. It also follows the style of the Brihadeeswara temple. This temple is famous for the largest Shiva lingam in South India Region. The bronze artwork on the walls and also on the shrines of this temple also attracts the visitors. This temple has also the influence of Chalukyas.
One of the fascinating carvings of Tamil Nadu can be found in Matrimandir. This is not only famous for a theistic place, but this place is renowned as a peaceful and calm place. A perfect place for mediation with deep concentration. This is surrounded by four pillars, and each pillar signifies different meanings of knowledge, power, delicacy, and intimacy. A beautiful garden can be seen beside the temple.